Today, the majority of the countries in the world are democracies. Knowing what is actually a democracy is essential, especially for those who live in a democracy. This allows you to know what is the guideline that the authorities plays in the society and know what are your legal rights and responsibilities under a democratic administration. This kind of essay is going to seek to determine Democracy, the meaning of the term, the system and the history, and describe a pair of the most famous democracies: Direct democracy and Consultant democracy.
Democracy is a form of government where individuals have power to engage in the government. The term " democracyвЂќ comes from Ancient greek and means dД“mos 'the people' + -kratia 'power, rule'. According to Oxford dictionary, democracy is a " a system of presidency by the whole population or perhaps all the qualified members of the state, typically through elected representatives: a system of parliamentary democracy. вЂќ Democracy principles are: Every citizens happen to be equalвЂ”they have equal legal rights and obligations. The rules are applied evenly and reasonably to all and not just a few. Many rules however the rights from the minority and absent associates are safeguarded. Citizens have the right to know very well what is going in within the authorities. Politicians and leaders will be elected throughout the process of election. In this procedure, any individual or group can be favored, because Lincoln stated, " Elections belong to the individuals. It's all their decision. If perhaps they choose to turn their particular back within the fire and burn their very own behinds, chances are they will only have to sit on their particular blisters. вЂќ (Abraham Lincoln, 1809-1865). Aristotle also offered his view when he declared that " in a democracy, the indegent will have good luck than the abundant, because there are associated with them, as well as the will in the majority is usually supremeвЂќ (Aristotle, 384 - 322 BC). What he said specify the most basic basic principle of democracy, which is equal rights before the legislation, it means a rich and a poor could have the same legal rights and responsibilities, any of them will probably be favored.
The first democracy recorded is at the Ancient greek language city-state of Athens around 550 BC and was called Athenian Democracy. The Athenian democracy was a direct democracy, which means the citizens participate straight in decisions of government, through voting. Inside the ancient Athens, only 20% of the human population could vote because only mature male who completed the military schooling was regarded citizen, what means that most of the population, women and children, cannot vote. The mediocre city-states of Greece used the sort of Athens, nevertheless the was not because powerful since the Athenian Democracy.
As took place in the ancient Athens, other folks places started to have systems involving polls and assemblies during the ancient, places just like Gopala in Bengal location of Indian Subcontinent, the Polish-Lithuanian Earth, the Althing in Iceland, the LГёgting in the Faeroe Islands, particular medieval Italian city-states just like Venice, in Ireland, the Veche in Novgorod and Pskov Republics of middle ages Russia, Scandinavian Things, The States in Tirol and Switzerland plus the autonomous service provider city of Pikis in the sixteenth century in Japan. What happen in most those areas can be called a great Oligarchy as the participation of the elections and assemblies was restricted for few individuals, for example in medieval The european countries only land Lords had the right to election unlike each of our existing democracy.
Around the 12 months 1789, the French population, dissatisfied with the liberties of the nobility and large clergy and influenced by Illuminist philosophers, had commenced the Portugal revolution that could end the monarchy and establish a conservative regime, depending on the Illuminist ideal of equality of most before the regulation. After this function, democratic rules spread all over the world, in every place is different, but some of them can distort the basic rules of democracy.
There are many types of democracy. These are: Parliamentary democracy, Participatory democracy, Liberal democracy, etc . However instead of every,...
Bibliography: " Direct and Representative democracyвЂќ, YouTube video, Josh Stumpenhorst, gathered November of sixteen, 2011, http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BnYmB2zStFA
Lecture at Hilla School for Humanistic Studies, retrieved January 21 years old, 2004, " What's a democracy? вЂќ, http://www.stanford.edu/~ldiamond/iraq/WhaIsDemocracy012004.htm
McConnell, Robert, " Basic Principles Of Democratic GovernmentвЂќ http://www.parli.com/newsletter/basic-principles-of-democratic-government
Jones More, 2k, " UtopiaвЂќ, kindles edition, Library of Alexandria, Alexandria
Unknown publisher, retieved in February twelve, 2006, " why will not Representative Democracy work? вЂќ http://harmonization.blogspot.com.au/2006/02/why-doesnt-representative-democracy.html
Unfamiliar author, gathered 2013, " DemocracyвЂќ, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Democracy
WikiAnswers, " Why democracy is goodвЂќ http://wiki.answers.com/Q/Why_is_democracy_good